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Plus, people don’t want to be recognised [as homosexual].17 Transgender women are highly affected by HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean.It is over 20% in Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama and Paraguay.
In Latin America, recorded prevalence is lowest in El Salvador at 7.4% and highest in Ecuador at 35%.
In total, key populations and their sexual partners represented two thirds of new infections.9 Brazil has played a key leadership role in the reinvigoration of HIV prevention in Latin America.
However, the election of Jair Bolsonaro of the Social Liberal Party (PSL) as president in October 2018 could significantly reverse the progress made on HIV in Brazil and possibly the wider region, as well as deny human rights for many vulnerable populations.
Explore this page to find out more about the people most affected by HIV in Latin America and Caribbean, testing and counselling, prevention programmes, antiretroviral treatment availability, barriers to the response, funding and the future of HIV in Latin America and Caribbean.
An estimated 2.2 million people were living with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2018 (1.9 million in Latin America and 340,000 in the Caribbean).
However, little progress has been made on slowing the rate of new infections in the last decade, which overall have fallen by just 1% between 20, and new infections among young people within key populations are on the rise.